Europe's forests are home to brown bears and wolves, which are now protected by law. Smaller animals include lynx, badgers, hedgehogs, wildcats, jackals and foxes. Snakes like the viper and birds like the vulture, eagle and owl are also found here. The northern parts of Scandinavia have herds of reindeer, some of whom have been domesticated for centuries. The forests of Scotland are famous for the red deer. Europe is home to many bird species that spend their winters in warmer Africa, and return to their European homes every spring.